Museum informatics

Museum informatics [1] is an interdisciplinary field of study that refers to the theory and application of informatics by museums . It is in essence a sub-field of cultural informatics [2] at the intersection of culture , digital technology, and information science . In the context of the digital age, museums and archives, its place in the world has grown substantially and has connections with digital humanities . [3]

History

The earliest references to museum informatics in English are from the Archives and Museum Informatics a newsletter and journal published on the subject from 1987-1996. [4] In the early 1990s, the museum informatics projects and services developed at numerous American universities. [5] Cultural informatics was introduced into the library and information science education in 2000 at the Pratt Institute School of Library and Information Science in New York . [2] Graduate racing Devoted to museum informatics Were offert from at least 2001. [6] PhD theses Were using “museum informatics” in the title by 2004. [7] By 2007, an academic reader,Museum Informatics: People, Information, and Technology in Museums , edited by Paul F. Marty and Katherine Burton Jones, was published as part of the Routledge Studies in Library and Information Science. [8]

Overview

Museum informatics is an emerging field of academic studies focused on the intersection between information technologies, museums and their staff members, and online museum data and services. The more general cultural informatics deals with, for example, information design and interaction, digital curation , cultural heritage description and access, social media , and the implementation of digital tools. Museums-have Embraced the implementation of museum informatics qui has-been supported by US federal grants and In Particular by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS). [9] The older term ” museum studies[10] refers to traditional perspectives on the subject rather than relating to the use of information science and information technology .

Archives and Museum Informatics is a leading journal in the field of museum informatics. University courses relating to museum include a component on museum informatics. [6] [11] The Computer Network Museum (MCN) in the United States holds an annual conference and runs the MCN-L electronic mailing list . The Museums Computer Group (MCG) in the United Kingdom also holds meetings reporting to museum informatics. The ICHIM conference series in Europe and the Museums and the web conference series in North Americacover aspects of museum informatics. Other relevant conferences include the EVA Conferences . Books are available on the subject. [8] [12]

There have been AMICO , Artstor , the Museum Informatics Project (MIP), [10] and steve.museum . The International Council of Museums (ICOM), through Cary Karp , was instrumental in initiating the ” .museum ” top-level domainfor museums on the Internet . Companies such as Archives & Museum Informatics in Canada and Cogapp in the United Kingdom

See also

  • Archival informatics
  • Library science

References

  1. Jump up^ Marty, Paul F. (2011). “Museum Informatics” . Florida State University, USA . Retrieved August 2, 2011 .
  2. ^ Jump up to:b Cultural Informatics , School of Library and Information Science, Pratt Institute , New York, USA.
  3. Jump up^ Digital humanities.
  4. Jump up^ Archives & Museum Informatics Newsletter (1987-1996).
  5. Jump up^ Lessons From The Berkeley Informatics Project Museum, CAUSE. 1994.
  6. ^ Jump up to:b Heidorn Bryan & Twidale, Michael (2007). “LIS 490MUG / LIS490MUU Museum Informatics” . Graduate School of Library and Information Science (GSLIS) . University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , USA . Retrieved August 2, 2011 . External link in ( help ) |work=
  7. Jump up^ Crofts, Nicholas,Museum informatics: the challenge of integration,University of Geneva, Switzerland, 2004.
  8. ^ Jump up to:b Marty, Paul F. & Jones, Katherine Burton (2007). Museum Informatics: People, Information, and Technology in Museums . Routledge Studies in Library and Information Science. ISBN  978-0-8247-2581-5 .
  9. Jump up^ CHART,Pratt Institute, New York, USA.
  10. ^ Jump up to:b “Museum Informatics Project (MIP)” . University of California, Berkeley , USA . Retrieved August 2, 2011 .
  11. Jump up^ Marty, Paul F. (2011). “LIS 5590 Museum Informatics” . Florida State University , USA . Retrieved August 2, 2011 .
  12. Jump up^ Jones-Garmil, Katherine, ed. (1997). The Wired Museum: Emerging Technology and Changing Paradigms . American Association of Museums. ISBN  0-931201-36-5 .