Geoinformatics

Geoinformatics is the science and the technology which develops and uses information science infrastructure to address the problems of geography , cartography , geoscience and related branches of science and engineering.

Overview

Geoinformatics has-been Described as “the science and technology dealing with the structure and character of spatial information, ict capture icts classification and qualification, ict storage, processing, portrayal and dissemination, Including the infrastructure Necessary to optimal secure use of this information” [ 1] or “the art, science or technology dealing with acquisition, storage, production processing, presentation and dissemination of geoinformation”. [2]

Geomatics is a similarly used term encompasses qui Geoinformatics, geomatics goal Focuses more so on surveying . Geoinformatics has its core technologies supporting the processes of acquiring, analyzing and visualizing spatial data. Both geomatics and geoinformatics include and rely heavily upon the theory and practical implications of geodesy .

Geography and earth science increasingly Rely on digital spatial data Acquired from remotely sensed imagery Analyzed by geographical information systems (GIS) and Visualized on paper or the computer screen. [3]

Geoinformatics combines geospatial analysis and modeling, development of geospatial databases, information systems design, human-computer interaction and both wired and wireless networking technologies. Geoinformatics uses geocomputation and geovisualization for analyzing geoinformation .

Research

Research in this field is used for global and local environmental support, energy and security programs. The Geographic Information Science and Technology Group of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory is supported by various government departments and agencies including the United States Department of Energy . It is currently the only group in the United States Department of Energy National Laboratory System to focus on advanced theory and application research in this field. There is also a lot of interdisciplinary research involved in geoinformatics fields including computer science, information technology, software engineering, biogeography, geography, conservation, architecture, spatial analysis, and reinformacement learning.

Applications

Numerous fields of geoinformatics, including urban planning and land use management, in-car navigation systems, virtual globes, public health, local and national gazetteer management, environmental modeling and analysis, military, transportation network planning and management, agriculture, meteorology and climate and planning, architecture and archeological reconstruction, telecommunications, crime and crime simulation, aviation, biodiversity conservation and maritime transport. The importance of the spatial dimension in assessing, monitoring and modeling various issues and problems related to sustainable management of natural resources is recognized all over the world. Geoinformatics becomes very important technology to decision-makers across a wide range of disciplines, industries, commercial sector, environmental agencies, local and national government, research, and academia, national survey and mapping organizations, international organizations, United Nations, emergency services, public health and epidemiology, crime mapping, transportation and infrastructure, information technology industries, GIS consulting firms, environmental management agencies, tourism industry, utility companies, market analysis and e-commerce, mineral exploration, etc. Many government and non-government agencies start to use spatial data for their day-to-day activities. national survey and mapping organizations, international organizations, United Nations, emergency services, public health and epidemiology, crime mapping, transportation and infrastructure, information technology industries, GIS consulting firms, environmental management agencies -commerce, mineral exploration, etc. Many government and non-government agencies start to use spatial data for their day-to-day activities. national survey and mapping organizations, international organizations, United Nations, emergency services, public health and epidemiology, crime mapping, transportation and infrastructure, information technology industries, GIS consulting firms, environmental management agencies -commerce, mineral exploration, etc. Many government and non-government agencies start using space data for day-to-day activities.

See also

  • Geographic information science
  • Geographical information systems
  • Geographic information systems software
  • Geocomputation
  • International Coalition for GeoInformatics (iGeoInfo)
  • Cartography
  • Symbiosis Institute of Geoinformatics
  • Urban informatics
  • Crowdmapping

References

  1. Jump up^ Raju PLN, Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems
  2. Jump up^ M. Ehlers, Geoinformatics and digital earth initiatives: a German perspective
  3. Jump up^ ITC Courses in Remote Sensing, GIS and Photogrammetry