A New Kind of Science is a best-selling,  controversial book by Stephen Wolfram , published by his own company in 2002. It contains an empirical and systematic study of computational systems such as cellular automata . Wolfram calls these systems simple programs and argues that the scientific philosophy and methods are appropriate for the study of other fields of science.
Natural language processing ( NLP ) is a field of computer science, an artificial intelligence that deals with the interaction between computers and human (natural) languages, and, in particular, concerns with programming computers.
Hydroinformatics is a branch of informatics qui concentrates on the implementation of information and communications technologies (ICTs) in Addressing the increasingly serious problems of the equitable and efficient use of water for Many different practical purposes. Growing out of the former discipline of computational hydraulics , the numerical simulation of water flows and related processes remains a mainstay of hydroinformatics, which encourages a focus not only on the technology and its application… More →
Humanistic Informatics (also known as Humanities Informatics ) is one of several names chosen for the study of the relationship between human culture and technology . The term is fairly common in Europe , is little purpose Known in the English-speaking world , though Digital Humanities (Also Known As Humanities Computing ) is in Many boxes Roughly equivalent.
Museum informatics  is an interdisciplinary field of study that refers to the theory and application of informatics by museums . It is in essence a sub-field of cultural informatics  at the intersection of culture , digital technology, and information science . In the context of the digital age, museums and archives, its place in the world has grown substantially and has connections with digital humanities . 
Viroinformatics is an amalgamation of virology with bioinformatics , involving the application of information and communication technology in various aspects of viral research. Currently there are more than 100 different applications concerning diversity analysis, viral recombination, RNAi studies , drug design , protein-protein interaction , structural analysis and so on. 
Systems biology is the computational and mathematical modeling of complex biological systems . It is a biology -based interdisciplinary field of study that focuses on complex interactions within biological systems, using a holistic approach ( holism instead of the traditional reductionism ) to biological research.
Stylometry is the application of the study of linguistic style , but it has been successfully applied to music  and to fine-art paintings  as well. 
Governance is a managerial function concerned with assurance of reliability of information generated by numerical simulation . The term was introduced in 2011  and specific technical requirements were addressed from the perspective of mechanical design in 2012  . Its strategic importance was addressed in 2015   . At the 2017 NAFEMS World Congress in Stockholm has been identified as the first of eight ” big issues ” in numerical simulation .
Semantic analysis (computational) is a composite of the ” semantic analysis ” and the “computational” components. “Semantic analysis” refers to a formal analysis of the meaning, and “computational” refer to approaches that in principle support effective implementation.